Railroads, for instance, appear to require a certain authoritative management construction. In different circumstances, technologies may be political due to the particular method they’ve been designed. Some political approaches to technology are inspired by pragmatism and, to a lesser extent, discourse ethics. A variety of philosophers, for instance, have pleaded for a democratization of technological development and the inclusion of strange individuals within the shaping of technology (Winner 1983; Sclove 1995; Feenberg 1999). In protection of the engineering view, it could maybe be mentioned that the repertoire of ‘proven’ forms of social action is meager. The temptation of technical fixes might be overcome—at least that’s how an engineer may see it—by the inclusion of the social sciences in the systematic growth and application of information to the answer of human problems.
- The fourth category considerations the quantitative data simply referred to, and the third the theoretical tools used to accumulate